Dalbergia sissoo commonly known as Indian Rosewood is a large deciduous tree often having a crooked trunk. It belongs to the Fabaceae family of the flowering plants and is known as Shisham in Hindi. Normally the tree attains a height of about 30 m and a girth up to 2.4 m and a clear bole up to 10.5 m. The bark is grey, 1.0-1.5 cm thick, longitudinally and somewhat reticulately furrowed. The leaves are compound with 3-5 alternate leaflets. The new foliage begins to appear in February, and the flowers open between March and May. The pods ripen during the cold season and remain on the tree for a long time. The plant reproduces through seeds and suckers.

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