Land is an important natural resource, which provides food, fuel, fodder and timber to us. Unfortunately the land has been exploited and abused mercilessly from centuries resulting in the enhanced rate of land degradation. Land degradation means loss in the capacity of a given land to support growth of useful plants on a sustained basis. Land degradation is a big loss to economy as the land loses its production potential and gets converted into wastelands. Hence shrinking of land resource base is a big problem before developing country like India. The per capita man land ratio in India is hardly about 0.48 hectare, which is lowest in the world.

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